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BEFORE PREGNANCY

Ovulation


What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the most fertile time during your menstrual cycle. It occurs when a mature egg is released from your ovaries, in preparation for a possible pregnancy. This egg is released by a signal from hormones released by your glands. The egg can be fertilized for a period of 12 to 24 hours. If fertilization does not occur during this time, the egg disintegrates.

When does ovulation occur?

On average, ovulation occurs around 13 to 15 days after the first day of your period and depends on the length of your menstrual cycle. However, each woman’s cycle is different. Ovulation takes place earlier for women with a short cycle than for women with a long cycle. Ovulation can happen anytime from 11 to 21 days after the beginning of your cycle.

How can I know when I’m ovulating?

There are several ways to predict ovulation:
Body temperature
Your body temperature rises one degree at ovulation. Monitor your daily temperature until you notice an increase. This increase indicates that ovulation is taking place and will last until the beginning of your next period.
Calendar tracking
Keep a record of your ovulation and menstrual cycle to predict the time around which your ovulation will take place each month.
Cervical mucus
The mucus covering the entrance of your uterus increases prior to ovulation.
Physical signs in your body
You may feel a twinge or pain in your lower abdomen or back during ovulation.


Timing

How do I know if I'm pregnant? What are the first signs of pregnancy?

For most women, the first sign of pregnancy is when their periods stop. Although the absence of menstruation can be caused by many things if, in addition, a woman's breasts feel swollen or tender and she feels nauseous - especially in the morning - it is likely that she is pregnant.



Can I get pregnant during my period?

You can get pregnant at any time, even during your period. However, the probability of getting pregnant during your period is very low but possible. If you have a short or irregular cycle, ovulation might occur before your period is over.

When is the best time to get pregnant during my menstrual cycle?

The best or most fertile time to get pregnant is the period of ovulation in your menstrual cycle. This is the time when following an LH surge, a mature ovum is released into the uterus from the follicles. This egg or ovum is ready to be fertilized and stays so for about 12 hours after which it starts degenerating. The best way to determine your most fertile time is to pay attention to your body and learn to spot the physical signs of ovulation, and thereby the best time to get pregnant.

Note: The information in these FAQs has been compiled from reputable sources, which we have cited for each question. Sanita sal does not hold responsibility for the accuracy of the content, nor any behaviors taken with regard to the FAQs.
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